Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1959-01-16, page 01
|Save page Remove page||Previous||1 of 14||Next|
Loading content ...
¦' ilfi'iil .',' ,.,.,1 ¦'Ssiiiai&iiiisJy/i^J: COtUMBUS EDITION HI,',! li li H t) I n H w,-) 3 - rni n * J I d 0 i s 1 ri Serving Columbus, Dayton and Central Ohio Jewish Communities \\//\V^ ;>LUMBUS ¦DltlON Vol. 37. No. 3 FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1959 QQ O*voted to Amarlean '5^ and J.wUh IdaaTi Cuban Jewry Safe After Overthrow of Government Left to right, seated, are Mrs. Maxwell Papurt, Mrs. Louis Roth, Mrs. Benjamin W. Abnunson, Chairman; Mrs. E. ,1. Gordon, Mrs. Jock Wolman and Mrs. Ben lOihn. Standing are Mrs. Louis Praver, Mrs. Ben Yenldn, Mrs. Myer Meilman, Mrs. Joseph Schecter, Mrs. Abe Jacobson, Mrs. I.«on Schottenstein, Mrs. Robert Curl, Mrs. Sam .Schlonsky, Mrs. Murk D. Feinknopf, Mrs. Jerome Gross, Mrs. William Ollck, Mrs. Harry Schwartz. HAVANA No anxiety is evi¬ dent among Cuban .lewry in the wake of Cuba's violent revolution. Thanka to the excellent organiza¬ tion nnd community relatlona of the Havana Jewiah "Patronato," antl-Semltlsm is not a factor lo¬ cally. The world feared the Cuban chaos fraught with danger to the small and vulnerable Jewlah com¬ munity of 12,000. In the flrat few bloody days while the 26lh of July Movement consolidated its hold in Havana, shops owned by Jews were damaged or looted. But so were many non-Jewish businesses. Left to right, seated, are Mrs. Abe Yenldn, Mra. Jule Mark, Mra. Aaron Zacks, co-ohiUrman, Mrs. Howard Schoenbuiun, Mrs. Hurry Getz. Standing are Mra. Bernard Feltllnger, Mrs. David Levison, Mrs. Theodore Schlonsky, Mrs. Al Blank, Mrs. Milton Parker, Mrs. Melvin 8. Harris, Mrs. WilUam Schiff, Mrs. Richard Abel, Mrs. Herbert Schiff, Mrs. David Both, Mrs. Leon Friedman. UJF WOMEN ORGANIZE STEERING COMMITTEE The women'a diviaion of the United Jewish Fund organized ita ateerlng and advisory committee ul a recent meeting al the home of co-chairman Mra. Aaron Zacka, 140 North Parkview. Mra. Benjamin W. Abramson, chairman of the division, presided at the meeting which aaw the fol¬ lowing women named to the com- milee: Mesdames Maxwell Papu rt, Louis Roth, E. J. Gordon, Jack Wolman, Ben Kahn, Louis Prav- ; Schlff, Richard Abel, Herbert er, Ben Yenkin, Myer Meilman, Joseph Schecter, Abe .lucobson, Leon Schottenatein, Meadamea Robert f'url, Sam Schlonsky, Mark Feinknopf, Jer- omc. O.ro.ns, WUliam QUck, Harry Schwartz, Abe Yenkin, Jule Mark, Howard Schoenbaum, Harry Getz, Bernard Feitlinger. Meadames David Levison, Theo¬ dore Schlonaky, AI Blank, Milton Parker, Melvin Harris, William .Schlff, David Roth and Leon Friedman. Herbert S. Levy, president of the UJF, told the women the 1959 slogan would be "Be Proud of Yourself In Your Giving." He of¬ fered the group full aaaiatance und cooperation. Abe Yenkin, campaign chair¬ man, uLso spoke and pledged his support for the women's drive. Actually the lifting of martial law iiermittcd a study which showed damage much leaa than originally feared. Indlvlduala reported the aitua¬ tion at one point reminiscent of the IB17 turbulence in Moscow. But merchanta Who suffered losses agreed that the looting waa not motivated by anti-Semitism. It waa only tho exploitation of the strife by criminal elementa. The Castro forcea ahowed no evidence of Communiam. When Castro's palrola look over Havana, imme¬ diate measurea were taken to protect Jews and all other Cubana DAYAN MOVE INTO PUBLIC LIFE FULFILLS PROMISE OF TURMOIL "Jews Honored By British Queen LONDON (JTA) - A number of Jews in leading positiona in the British Commonwealth were among the Brllona Hated in the Queen'a New Years Honora List. Among them were: Sir Abraham Jeremy Raisman, named a Knight of the Grand Croas of the Order of St. Michael and St. George; Sir Roy Wilen- akl. Prime Minister of the Cen¬ tral African Federation, who was named a knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, and Lord Mancrofl, Min¬ ister without portfolio, who was named a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Also, Dr. Michael Gelfand was named a Knight Commander OBE for services lo the Central African Federation; Peter Gold¬ man, director ot the Conservative political center In London, was named Knight Commander OBE for political aervicea; Dr. Isadore Rowland Roaln of Salisbury, Northern Rhodesia, was named to the Order of the British Empire, as was Herman Weinberg, who ia a member of the Board of Cus¬ toms and Exerclaea. Lazarua Aaronson, member of the faculty of London CoUege, and Geoffrey Flnsberg were made Membera of the British Empire. AWARD E.STABUSHED BALTIMORE (JTA) - Louis J. Fox, retiring preaident of the Jewlah Welfare Fund ot BaUi- more, announced the establish¬ ment of the "Harry Greenstein Leadership Award" to encourage the development of new leaders, and to provide recognition for young men who have outstanding leadership qualities. The award is named in honor of the Welfare Fund's executive direclor, Harry Greenstein. RAIN BRINGS REJOICING IN ISRAEL JERUSALEM (JTA) Rain fell for aeveral houra 1' some parts of Israel thia weel' for the firat time in two monl , bringing hope that the disastroi,., drought might be over. The dry Spell already cost larael lens of millions of pounds in lost crops. Weuther experts studying cloud formaliona said it wua still uncer¬ tain whether the rains would con- tinue. Agricultural authorities said there was atill some hope for some major crops, but othera were beyond saving even if the raina conl'mued for a aub.stanlial period. Continuation of rain would, how¬ ever, eliminate the preaent threat of tt lack of water next summer. News of the ruin evoked expres¬ sions of rejoicing in muny parts of Israel. The members of the Kabbaliat sect residing in Safed claimed the rains came in unswer to their pruyers. The Ministry of Agricullure set up u special Drought Committee to maintain a constant watch on the situation and lo order emer¬ gency measur<?s where needed. 'i;he Ministry was rbported con¬ sidering a proposal to have the entire portion of Israel south of Rehovot a "water protection urea. In such an area, any major ex¬ ploitation of water resources, such us irrlgtion and drilling of new wells, would require special gov¬ ernment permission. TO KESllME TAIJiS BONN, (JTA) A Weal Ger¬ man delegation left for The Hague to resume negotiations v/ith the Dutch Government on the queatlon of Indemnification of citizens of Holland who were Impriaoned In Nazi concentration camps. Turkey Denies Red Reports ISTANBUL (JTA)—Turkey de¬ nied this week that Ankara was making a "secret ajiti-Arab deal" with Israel. Reports of so-called deal were launched In the Arab Stat'es. The semi-official Anatolian News Agency carried the follow¬ ing statement: "II ia learned that some un¬ founded, ridiculous reports are circulating in brotherly Arab countries that Turkey, with the Uniled Slatea and Britain, haa concluded a secret agreement with Israel againat the Arab countries. Thla is unfounded propaganda which is a new manlfeslalion of the international Communiat pro¬ vocation and ita deaigned to un¬ dermine relatlona between Turkey and thc Weat with the Arab countrlea." JERUSALEM W h e n Gen. Moahe Dayan resigned as Israel's chief of ataff in January, 1958, and indicated that he planned lo enter public life, political -obacTv- ers knew that there would be trouble in Mapal, larael's ruling parly, whose adherent Dayan was before the establishment of the atate and where he obviously intended to make his political career. Before the year was oul, the expected trouble reached auch proportions that top leaders of Mapai, including Prime Minister Ben Gurion, had to spend six slo r my houra discussing th(- "Dayon affair." AtTEB HI8 resignation. Gen. Dayun remained in the army bul obtained leave to become u stu¬ dent al the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (where one of his predecessors. Gen. Ylgal Yadin, is a lecturer in archaeology and one of the top experta on the Dead Sea Scrolls). Gen. Dayan's firat public appearances were ad¬ dressed to studenta. Addreasing himaelf to the youth Gen. Dayan strengthened the general belief that sooner or later he will eatabiish himself as the leader of the "Young Generation" of Mapai which for several years now has been looking for some way of expreasing ita dissatisfac¬ tion with the "Old Guard" of the pariy. The former chief of staff kicked up his first storm when he told an audience that the much glori¬ fied "Nahal" service -that of sol¬ diers serving part of their com¬ pulsory service In new agricul¬ tural settlements —was a "ficti¬ tious settlement," since most of the young boya and girls do not stoy on the land after completing lhelr military .service. ALL DLKINO this time Gen. Dayan also advocated two basic measures for Israel's economic development: a general wage freeze and "efficiency dismissal" of superfluous or u n c f f I c I e n I workers. The need for both these measures was generally recog¬ nized for some time privately even by Mapai and Histadrut leaders. However, theae were certainly not the best slogans for wooing the labor vote, particularly since Mapai's opponents in the labo ranks, the left-wing Mapam and Achdut Avoda parties, made an issue of opposing both ideaa. Si¬ multaneously, Gen. Dnyun pub¬ licly criticized the veteran leader¬ ahip for its failure to understand and utlli'ze the- Idealism and the readiness for sacrifice of the youth, ALL THIS, nuturally, brought Gen. Dayan into conflict with the old eatabiished leadership of Ma¬ pai und the Hlatadrut. The fact that Prime Minister Beh Gurion— though oldeat in years--was on Gen. Dayan's aide, postponed the counter-attack of the "old-timers." In June, ho-wever, membera of the Hlatadrut executive publicly at¬ tacked Gen. Dayan's statements and shortly afterwards the secre¬ tary general of the Mapal, Dr. Giora Josephtal, declared that "Dayan does nol know what he is talking about" when he advo¬ cated "efficiency dismissals." The non-labor parties, of courae, enjoy this dispute immensely. They brought It up in the Knes¬ aet, pointing oul that though on leave. Gen. Dayan is atill on active aervice and that army officers are nol supposed to engage in political activities. On this point Mr. Ben Guriot^ agreed with tliem and in his capacity of minister of defense ordered Gen. Dayan not to make further political speeches. Gen. Dayan reacted by resigning from the urmy altogether, und re¬ suming his apeech-muking us a Iirlvute citizen. This timi- he couid ulso discuss (Continued on p&re 4) World Jewish Congress leaders gathered In IVew York for to|>-level talks and sessions of (-onferenoe uu Jewish Material Claims Against (iennany. Left to right: Alex Eusternnan, WJC political director in London; Monroe Abbey, ohair¬ nian ^utiouul Executive of Camuliaii Jewish Congress; WJC President Nahum Ooldnuuui; .Saul Hayes, Canadian Jewish Congress' executive dlr»H!tor; H. van Dum, secretary-general. Central Committee of Jews In Uennaiiy; WJC Dlreotor of Cuordliiation (iorluu-t Ulegiier of Geneva; WJO Finance Conunittee (!hulrniun Shod Poller; WJC International Affairs Director Maurice I.,. Perlz- w«ig, and Jose Ventura of the DAIA, Buenos Aires. except dictator Batista's hench¬ men. POIJCE AND organized au¬ thority were absent from the streets for several days. The mob wrecked gambling casinos and otherwise vented its ¦wrath against the Batista regime and the for¬ eign, ostentatious Influences It imported. But Havana Jewry Is ao totally accepted there Is no record of any rabble rouser In¬ jecting anti-Semitism. The rural forces comprising the cadre of the Castro array were remarkable polite and dlsoipllned. They were bearded like Biblical prophets and looked much Uke the Haganah Of pre-lndependence larael. Indeed, a few were Sephar¬ dlc Jewa from Santiago who proudly wore the Mezzuzah. Thc atudent body of the Univer¬ sity of Havana Includes several hundred Jewlah youths who share the 26th of July philosophy. Max Lesnlck, whose father Is Jewish, is leader of the Castro youth movement. The main Institution which has built Judaism and brotherhood in Cuba is the "Patronato" — the House of Jewish (Community of Cuba." Located in a beautiful building. It house Jewish cultural, social, and religious activities in¬ cluding a magnificent Orthodox synagogue. It Is a virile institu¬ tion and has attracted the favor¬ able comment of the general Cuban press. AS MANY AS 400 or 500 per¬ sons attend Oneg Shabbath serv¬ ices on Friday evenings. Jewish tourists are welcomed In what general secretary Isaac Gurwltz describes aa a sort of "missionary" activity to provide Judaism to Jewish visitors to Havana. Gur- witz is typical of the high calibre of the center'a leadership. The center ia conaclous of the isolation of Cuban. Jewry as a bit of the Yishuv irt a small and volatile Spanish-speaking repub¬ lic. Today the center is recognized widely as repreaentative of the respected Jewish community. Gurwltz has pointed out that the Jewa of Cuba know less than non - Jewish Cuban Intellectuals about the important role of Jews in Cuban history. Jews arrived in Cuba with Columbus, promoted sugar, the island's most important export, and were among the close frienda and lieutenants of Cuban patriot Jose Marti. THE JEWISH COMMUNITY In Cuba is such that the Cuban Sen¬ ate waa among the first to offi¬ cially recognize the Balfour Dec¬ laration on Jewish rights In Pales¬ tine C^jba has friendly commer¬ cial and political relations with Israel and their continuation is anticipated under the new gov¬ ernment. The "Patronato" is proud of Its central role in CMban Jewish life. It is not only perpetuating but regenerating Judaiam in Cuba. The building la belter equipped and more active than Jewlah cen¬ ters in the United Statea cities boaating Jewiah communities many times the size of Cuban community. Jews lake special pleasure in thc fact thut the buUdtng, erected recently, was designed by Cuba's great urchilecl. Prof. Achilles Capablanca. He Is a non-Jew whose visionary concepts are rec¬ ognized throughout the world. He visited many Jewiah centera In the United Stales while planning the Havana structure because of hia dealre that Cuban Jewry have a building worthy of Its status and dignity. JWV DINNER TUESDAY Capitol Post 122, Jewish War Veterans, will hold its paid-up memberahlp dinner Tuesday at Tempie Tlfereth larael. AU mem¬ bers are urgexl to attend and bring a prospective men)l>er.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1959-01-16|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
|Rights||This item may have copyright restrictions. Online access is provided for research purposes only. For rights and reproduction requests or more information, go to http://www.ohiohistory.org/images/information|
|Image Height||Not Available|
|Image Width||Not Available|